Application of Novel Nanotechnology Strategies in Plant Biotransformation: A Contemporary Overview
Mehrnaz S. Ohadi Rafsanjani, Amene Alvari, M. Samim, M. Amin Hejazi and M.Z. Abdin
Affiliation: Dept. of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-62, India
During the past epoch we have gone through the remarkable progress in plant gene transformation technology. The
production of transgenic plants is considered as a valuable tool in plant research and the technology is extensively applied in
phytomedicines and agricultural research. Gene transformation in plants is normally carried out by Agrobacterium species,
application of some chemicals and physical techniques (electroporation, microprojectile, etc.). Now a days with better
efficacy and reproducibility, novel technologies for the direct gene transfer like liposome, positively charged liposome
(lipofectin) and nanoparticle based delivery systems are used for genetic transformation of plants. In this review, we have
enlightened the novel nanotechnologies like liposome, Carbon nano-tube and nanoparticles with their current status and future
prospects in transgenic plant development. Moreover, we have also highlighted the limitations of conventional techniques of
gene transfer. Furthermore, we have tried to postulate innovative ideas on the footprints of established nanotechnology and
chemical based strategy with improved efficacy, reproducibility and accuracy along with less time consumption.
Keywords: Biotransformation, Nanotechnology, Liposome, Lipofectin, Nanoparticle.
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