Current Women`s Health Reviews

John Yeh  
Harvard Medical School 
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, MA
USA

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An Overview of Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology in Endometriosis

Author(s): Nikolaos Tsampazis, Angelos Daniilidis, Maria Mavromichali, Aristotelis Loufopoulos, Kostantinos Dinas, Charalampos Giannoulis.

Abstract:

Objective: This overview is aimed to summarize the pathogenic theories of endometriosis and to relate them to the various disease localizations and secondly, to sketch a pathophysiology model for the disease progress, namely the development of pain syndromes and subfertility.

Materials-Methods: A yield of articles and reviews in Medline using key words in various combinations such as endometriosis, inflammatory mediators, oxidative stress, pathogenesis, pathophysiology, infertility, immunity, theory, pain, mullerianosis disease, and peritoneal reaction, has been reviewed and shortlisted on the basis of their reference to a particular pathogenesis mechanism or relation to pain and infertility.

Results: An attempt to synthesize the collected information in an orderly manner has reinforced the notion of a holistic approach in the pathogenesis of the disease. “Endometriosis” is a rather collective term encompassing different disease entities. All mechanisms of pathogenesis may contribute in different combinations according to the disease phenotype. The same is true for the variety of pathophysiology mechanisms leading to pain syndromes and infertility, the two major components of the disease expression.

Conclusion: The key issue in management is to recognize the multifactorial aspect of the disease in each case scenario before planning a therapeutical intervention.

Keywords: Endometriosis, infertility, pain

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Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2012
Page: [112 - 120]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/157340412800194849
Price: $58