Current Cancer Drug Targets

Ruiwen Zhang 
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
1300 Coulter Drive
Amarillo, TX 79106
USA

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DNA Damage Response Pathways and Cell Cycle Checkpoints in Colorectal Cancer: Current Concepts and Future Perspectives for Targeted Treatment

Author(s): S. Solier, Y. -W. Zhang, A. Ballestrero, Y. Pommier, G. Zoppoli.

Abstract:

Although several drugs have been designed in the last few years to target specific key pathways and functions in colorectal cancer (CRC), the backbone of CRC treatment is still made up of compounds which rely on DNA damage to accomplish their role. DNA damage response (DDR) and checkpoint pathways are intertwined signaling networks that arrest cell cycle, recognize and repair genetic mistakes which arise during DNA replication and transcription, as well as through the exposure to chemical and physical agents that interact with nucleic acids. The good but highly variable activity of DNA damaging agents in the treatment of CRC suggests that intrinsic alterations in DDR pathways and cell cycle checkpoints may contribute differentially to the way cancer cells react to DNA damage. In the present review, our aim is to depict the recent advances in understanding the molecular basis of the activity of DNA damaging agents used for the treatment of CRC. We focus on the known and potential drug targets that are part of these complex and intertwined pathways. We describe the potential role of the checkpoints in CRC, and how their pharmacological manipulation could lead to chemopotentiation or synergism with currently used drugs. Novel therapeutic agents playing a role in DDR and checkpoint inhibition are assessed. We discuss the possible rationale for combining PARP inhibition with DNA damaging agents, and we address the link between DDR and EGFR pathways in CRC.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer, Chk2, cell cycle, DNA damage response, irinotecan, oxaliplatin

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2012
Page: [356 - 371]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/156800912800190901
Price: $58