Effect of Soil Nutrient on Production and Diversity of Volatile Terpenoids from Plants
E. Ormeno, C. Fernandez.
Terpenoid production (emission and storage) within foliage plays direct and indirect defensive and protective functions for the plant, mediates complex trophic relationships and controls the oxidation capacity of the atmosphere. Both biotic and abiotic conditions alter terpenoid production, with herbivory, light and temperature effects being reasonably well understood. In this manuscript, the state of the science about nutrient effect on terpenoid production is reviewed. The focus is on isoprene emissions and mono- and sesquiterpenoid emissions and concentrations according to fertilizing treatments and their potential interaction with other environmental factors. Ecological, physiological, biochemical and biophysical hypothesis formulated over research investigations are exposed and several points are highlighted as future research perspectives which could help to elucidate the apparent contrasting results.
Keywords: Emissions, storage, isoprene, monoterpenoids, chemical defenses, nitrogen, phosphorus, interaction, soil nutrient, volatile terpenoids
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