Freely Accessible Databases of Commercial Compounds For High- Throughput Virtual Screenings
Armenio Jorge Moura Barbosa and Alberto Del Rio
Pages 866-877 (12)
In the last decades computer-aided drug design techniques have been successfully used to guide the selection of
new hit compounds with biological activity. These methods, that include a broad range of chemoinformatic and computational
chemistry algorithms, are still disciplines in full bloom. In particular, virtual screening procedures have celebrated a great
popularity for the rapid and cost-effective assessment of large chemical libraries of commercial compounds. While the usage
of in silico techniques promises an effective speed-up at the early-stage of the development of new active compounds, computational
projects starting from scratch with raw chemical data are often associated with resource- and time-consuming preparation
protocols, almost blunting the advantages of using these techniques. In order to help facing these difficulties, in the last
years several chemoinformatic projects and tools have emerged in literature and have been useful in preparing curated databases
of chemical compounds for high-throughput virtual screening purposes. The review will focus on the detailed analysis
of free databases of commercial chemical compounds that are currently employed in virtual screening campaigns for drug design.
The scope of this review is to compare such databases and suggest the reader on how and in which conditions the usage
of these databases could be recommended.
Commercial compounds, computer-aided drug design, free molecular databases, molecular docking, pharmacophore,
Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Department of Experimental Pathology, Via S. Giacomo 14, 40126 Bologna, Italy.