Catalysis of Cellulose - New Perspectives in Preparation of Biogenic Material
Marimuthu Thiripura Sundari and Atmakuru Ramesh
Affiliation: Department of Analytical Chemistry, International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT), Padappai - 601301, Kancheepuram District, Tamilnadu, India.
In this paper, the recent advances in the preparation of biogenic material by catalysis pathway and the patents
obtained by different researchers are discussed in detail. The patents obtained by utilizing the weed biomass are scarce.
The catalysis of crude plant cellulose using 2, 2, 6, 6-tetramethyl-piperidine-1-oxy radical (TEMPO) in the presence of
sodium bromide and sodium hypochlorite at alkaline pH 10 producing nanofibers is relatively a new method used in the
conversion of biomass into biogenic material. The aquatic weed plant cellulose available in a great deal, is otherwise a un
utilized biomass. The water insoluble fractions of TEMPO oxidized cattail cellulose fibers (TEMPO-OCCF) are converted
into the solubilized fractions of TEMPO oxidized cattail cellulose nanofibrils (TEMPO-OCCNF) by ultrasonication and
filtration. The scanning electron micrographs (SEM) indicated that the morphology nanofibrils have 20 nm diameter and
the lengths in few micrometers. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results show that the TEMPO treated fibers have
enriched with higher thermal stability comparable to untreated cattail fibers. A neat and transparent thin film was prepared
by casting the suspension of TEMPO-OCCNF into a Petri dish. The transmittance of the film was confirmed by UVVisible
Keywords: Cattail fibers, nanofibrils, TEMPO, transparent thin film.
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