Atherosclerosis is a pathology characterized by low-grade vascular inflammation rather than a mere accumulation
of lipids. Inflammation is central at all stages of atherosclerosis. Acute coronary syndrome significantly affects the
concentration and composition of the lipids and lipoproteins in plasma. Plasma triglyceride and very low density lipoprotein
levels increase, while high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein and total cholesterol levels decrease. Early
treatment of hyperlipidemia provides potential benefits. However, post-event changes in lipid and lipoproteins lead to delays
in the choice of the treatment. This review focuses on the mechanism and the clinical importance of the relevant
Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, acute phase response, lipid and lipoproteins.
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