Opioid Alkaloids in Fire Poppies, Papaver Californicum
James David Adams,
Julie Eunwoo Kim,
P. Californicum (Papaveraceae), fire poppy, is traditionally used against pain. The seed pods were found to contain glycosides of 14-methylnormorphine and papaverine. The major alkaloid, ignimorphinan C67H80O19N2, is a mixture of sterol glycoside dimers of 14-methylnormorphine and papaverine. The second most abundant alkaloid, ignipapaverine C44H55O10N, is a sterol glycoside of papaverine. A possible glycoside of 2-methoxy-7-hydroxy-6-Omethyl- 7,8-dihydronormorphine-14-carbinol was found. Other compounds found were myricetin, malvidin-3-Oglucuronide and kaempferol acetate.
Keywords: P. Californicum, papaveraceae, fire poppy, alkaloid, 14-methylnormorphine, papaverine, Ignimorphinan, Ignipapaverine, opioids, sterol
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport