Fabricating a Diffractive Grating: Basic Component of Spectrometers for Space Applications
M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Gomez-Reino, A. Castelo and G. F. de la Fuente
Affiliation: “Grupo de Microoptica y Optica (GRIN)”, Unidad Asociada al Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon, CSIC, Zaragoza, Spain, Department of Applied Physics, Optics and Optometry School and Faculty of Physics, Campus Vida, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
Diffractive gratings are very important in astrophysics where they provide clues to the composition of and processes in stars and planetary atmospheres. Another field of application is in optical data processing where gratings play its role as a spatial light modulator in spectrometers for miniature space instruments and for space technology. This article is intended to review papers and patents which discuss several techniques for producing these gratings as well as the various materials used in their fabrication. Special attention will be devoted to a patent concerning the fabrication of diffractive gratings in low-cost glass substrates by laser ablation without mask and in one step.
Keywords: Diffractive gratings, laser ablation, photoresist, space technology, spectrometer, fabrication, Micro-satellites, miniature instruments, optical instruments, planetary atmospheres
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