The concepts of identity and self-image are realms of two different theories, but both are frequently used and are very helpful in understanding adolescents. The present study explores the relation of the self-image with identity status among 364 Turkish adolescents of varied socioeconomic status. The results show that adolescents from low socioeconomic status have more negative self-images on all measures and those from upper socioeconomic status are differentiated from those of middle and lower SES by having a more positive sense of identity. The main effects of sense of identity are seen in the emotional tone, body-image, social relations, family relations, and vocational-educational goals aspects of self-image.
Keywords: Adolescence, identity, self-image, subjective self-sameness, Ontogenetic changes, Offer Self-Image Questionnaire (OSIQ), Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF), Erikson's theory of identity formation, Turkish adolescents, antidepressant treatment
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