Recent Patents on DNA & Gene Sequences

Christian Bronner  
Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology
University of Strasboug
France

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MicroRNA Patents in Demyelinating Diseases: A New Diagnostic and Therapeutic Perspective

Author(s): Jia-Su Li and Zhong-Xiang Yao

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China.

Keywords: microRNAs, patents, oligodendrocyte, demyelinating diseases, multiple sclerosis, miR-drug, MiRNAs, DISEASE BIOMARKERS, DEMYELINATION-RELATED DISEASES, NOVEL MiRNAs, antagomirs, Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, Central nervous system, EAE

Abstract:

MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are a class of non-coding single-stranded RNAs, which can negatively regulate gene expression at posttranscriptional levels by miRNA-mRNA interaction. It has been demonstrated that miRNAs play important roles in a variety of biological process, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and tumorigenesis. Recent studies have shown crucial roles of specific miRNAs in controlling oligodendrocyte (OL) differentiation and myelination. Dysregulation of miRNAs is a vital event in the pathogenesis of demyelinating diseases. Furthermore, new patents of miRNAs also provide new strategies for gene therapy and miR-drug development for demyelinating diseases, especially multiple sclerosis. In this review, we briefly introduce the roles of miRNAs in OL differentiation and in the pathogenesis of demyelinating diseases, with emphasis on the implication of miRNAs patents in disease diagnostic and therapeutic perspective and its related technologies and challenges in clinical application.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 1
Page: [47 - 55]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/187221512799303127