Palmitoylethanolamide Restores Myelinated-Fibre Function in Patients with Chemotherapy-Induced Painful Neuropathy

Author(s): A. Truini, A. Biasiotta, G. Di Stefano, S. La Cesa, C. Leone, C. Cartoni, V. Federico, M. T. Petrucci, G. Cruccu.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 10 , Issue 8 , 2011

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Abstract:

We assessed the effect of palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) on pain and nerve function in patients with chemotherapy-induced painful neuropathy, in 20 patients undergoing thalidomide and bortezomib treatment for multiple myeloma. All patients were evaluated before and after a two-month treatment with PEA 300 mg BID using pain and warmth thresholds; blinded examiners measured motor and sensory nerve fibre function and laser-evoked potentials. Although no variables returned to normal values, pain and all neurophysiological measures — assessing Aα, Aβ, and Aδ fibres — significantly improved (P < 0.05). In contrast, warmth thresholds, assessing unmyelinated afferents, remained unchanged (P > 0.50). Although a placebo effect might play a role in the reported pain relief, the changes in neurophysiological measures indicate that PEA exerted a positive action on myelinated fibre groups. PEA, possibly by moderating mast cell hyperactivity, relieved conduction blocks secondary to endoneural edema. In a severe condition such as painful neuropathy associated with multiple myeloma and chemotherapy, a safe substance such as PEA provides significant restoration of nerve function.

Keywords: Bortezomib, laser evoked potentials, multiple myeloma, nerve conduction study, painful neuropathy, palmitoylethanolamide, thalidomide, CMAPs

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2011
Page: [916 - 920]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/187152711799219307
Price: $58

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