Drug Metabolism Letters

Zhiyang Zhao
Amgen
Cambridge, MA
USA

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Comparative Bioequivalence Study of Three Formulations of Enrofloxacin in Sheep

Author(s): H. A. El-Banna, A. Goudah, H. El-Zorba.

Abstract:

A comparative pharmacokinetic study of three enrofloxacin injectable solutions was carried out in six healthy Barky rams after intramuscular injection according to a single dose, randomized, crossover experimental design. The three formulations were enrofloxacin 10% (Baytril®), enrofloxacin 10% plus bromhexine 1% (Mucotryl®) and enrofloxacin 10 % solution without bromhexine (Mucotryl without bromhexine). The three formulations were given a single intramuscular dose at a dose rate of 5 mg kg-1 b.wt. The concentrations of the drug in the serum were measured using highperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. The results indicate that there were no significant differences between the distribution rate constant (kab) and distribution half-life (t1/2ab), the maximum serum concentration (Cmax) and the time to peak concentration (Tmax) between Baytril and the other two formulations. There were significant differences between the elimination half life (t1/2el) and elimination rate constant (kel), for Baytril and enrofloxacin (the exact formulation of Mucotryl without bromhexine). Enrofloxacin was rapidly absorbed following IM administration of 5 mg kg-1 b. wt. The peak serum concentrations (Cmax) were 2.83, 2.45 and 3.12 μg ml-1 and were attained at (tmax) 1.15, 1.41 and 1.26 hours when given Mucotryl, Baytril and enrofloxacin (the exact formulation of Mucotryl without bromhexine) to sheep, respectively. The injectable formulations investigated were bioequivalent after their intramuscular injection to sheep at recommended dose rate. As our results showed that, values of Tmax, Cmax and AUC (Area under time curve concentration) determined for both Baytril, Mucotryl, and enrofloxacin (the exact formulation of Mucotryl without bromhexine ( reference ant test products) are within the acceptable range of 0.80-1.20, this means that the tested products product under investigation was bio-equivalent. These findings showed that the efficacy of the two test formulations was similar or possibly enhanced compared with Baytril based on the pharmacokinetic parameters obtained and due to concentration dependent activity of enrofloxacin

Keywords: Enrofloxacin, Pharmacokinetics, Sheep, Bromhexine, HPLC, Mucotryl, Baytril, Clostridium perfringens, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), surfactant

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Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2011
Page: [85 - 91]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/187231211795305294
Price: $58