Ketoprofen Allergic Reactions
Carmen Cantisani, Teresa Grieco, Valentina Faina, Carlo Mattozzi, Hanibal Bohnenberger, Emidio Silvestri and Stefano Calvieri
Affiliation: Department of Dermatology and Plastic Surgery. University Sapienza of Rome, Azienda Policlinico Umberto I, Via di Boccea n. 10 int. 16, 00167 Rome Italy.
Topical ketoprofen (KP) is widely used because of its anti-inflammatory effect. Parallel with its popular usage, the number of reported cases of ketoprofen-induced photoallergic contact dermatitis has increased. A review of the literature was made to evaluate the spectrum of cross sensitization in patients with ketoprofen-induced photoallergic contact dermatitis using ketoprofen and other structurally similar chemicals and sunscreens, fragrance components, as well as the presence of prolonged photosensitivity related to it. Furthermore, the distinction between true cross-reactivity and concomitant sensitization may be difficult. Therefore, further investigations are needed to gain a more complete understanding of this important topic. This article also reviews some patents related to alternative treatment of musculoskeletal diseases and/or treatment of allergic reactions due to NSAIDs use.
Keywords: Allergic contact dermatitis, benzophenones, cross-reactions, etofenamate, fragrances, ketoprofen, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents, octocrylene, photopatch test series, photosensitivity
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