Intensive research focuses on the development of nanoparticles, not only for their fundamental scientific interest, but also for a variety of technological applications. Monodisperse nanoparticles with a size variation of less than 5% exceptionally have been received much attention, due to their novel and high performance induced by the strong dependence of properties upon the dimension of the nanoparticles. Their unique properties result in a great of potential applications in the area of ultra-high density magnetic storage media, electronics, biomedical usage, medical diagnosis, catalyst, etc. This is stimulating a high level of interest in the development of large scale synthesis techniques of monodisperse nanoparticles. In this article, the recent advance about the relevant aspects of large scale synthesis approaches for various monodisperse nanoparticles was summarized.