Recent Patents on Computer Science

Hamid Mcheick  
Computer Science Department
University of Quebec at Chicoutimi
Chicoutimi, Quebec
Canada

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Knowledge Representation in Civil and Structural Engineering

Author(s): Valentina A. Salomoni, Carmelo E. Majorana and Matteo Cristani

Affiliation: Department of Structural and Transportation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Padua, via F. Marzolo, 9 - 35131 Padua, Italy.

Keywords: Knowledge representation, reasoning techniques, artificial intelligence, structurotics

Abstract:

In this paper we survey the literature of both Knowledge Representation and Civil Engineering regarding the Applications of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning Techniques to Civil and Structural Engineering. The reviewed works are analysed in terms of the scope, objectives and approach employed in the investigation, and compared to each other based on a preliminary analysis of the problems posed by the application fields. Recent patents considered here to complete the survey can be efficiently used in engineering applications, e.g. land development problems, engineering calculations or structural engineering projects (through the generation of a fuzzy implication operator). The conclusions of the review are fundamentally three: (1) the need for deeper investigations of the applicability of Artificial Intelligence approaches to Civil and Structural Engineering, especially in view of the new techniques and methods lately developed; (2) the need for new systematic analysis of the domain of Civil and Structural Engineering, in particular from an ontological point of view; (3) the expectation of the birth of a new discipline, as the junction of civil and structural engineering with artificial intelligence, whose specific AI point of view will be centred on Formal Ontology. For this new discipline we propose the name of Structurotics, that is intended to refer both to the novel applications based upon the above mentioned trends, and to the consequent theoretical investigations.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 1
ISSUE: 3
Page: [162 - 181]
Pages: 20
DOI: 10.2174/2213275910801030162