PI3K-Akt Signaling and Viral Infection

Author(s): Wen-Tsai Ji , Hung J. Liu .

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Biotechnology

Volume 2 , Issue 3 , 2008

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Abstract:

PI3K-Akt pathway is an important mechanism through which viral infection influences various cell functions. Activating PI3K-Akt signaling is a strategy employed by viruses to slow down apoptosis and prolong viral replication in both acute and persistent infection. It is also probable that prevention of cell death facilitates virus-induced carcinogenesis. Accumulating evidence suggests that the activity of PI3K or Akt is critical for survival of a few viruses. Adenovirus relies on PI3K-mediated organization of actin filament for active internalization. Non-segmented negativesense RNA viruses require Akt to enhance synthesis of viral RNAs. On the other hand, PI3K-Akt signaling is associated with up-regulating interferon response. Higher PI3K-Akt activity might impede viral propagation due to activation of cellular defenses. Influenza A virus is an interesting case which requires active PI3K for penetration despite the negative effects of inducing immune response. Unlike most viruses, it was reported that VP1 protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus inhibits Akt to promote cell death. These reports confirm the multiple roles of PI3K-Akt pathway in viral infection. Here, more new information on the interaction between PI3K-Akt signaling and viral infection is discussed.

Keywords: PI3K-Akt signaling, viruses, apoptosis, carcinogenesis, endocytosis, multiplication, immune response

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Article Details

VOLUME: 2
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2008
Page: [218 - 226]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/187220808786241042
Price: $58

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