Recently published guidelines recognize the relevance of the development of chronic kidney disease in the stratification of risk of the hypertensive patient. Adequate assessment of renal function, including estimation of glomerular filtration rate, is mandatory in order to ensure an adequate evaluation of global cardiovascular risk in the hypertensive patient. The presence of subtle elevations of serum creatinine concentrations is a potent predictor of a poor cardiovascular prognosis. Clustering of associated risk factors seems to justify the elevated cardiovascular risk observed in patients with essential hypertension and mild renal function derangement. Chronic kidney disease is associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular risk attributable to the simultaneous existence of other risk factors related to the metabolic syndrome. The inhibition of the effects of angiotensin II is necessary to ensure the best degree of renal protection. It has demonstrated to improve the long-term renal outcome of patients with nephrosclerosis and to reduce the appearance of cardiovascular complications in high risk patients The high prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the general and in the hypertensive populations forces the recognition of its relevance and the need for an integrative therapeutic approach to protect simultaneously renal and cardiovascular systems.
Keywords: arterial hypertension, chronic kidney disease, antihypertensive therapy, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, cardiovascular risk
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