Both CYP17 and UGT2B17 are suggested to be potential risk factors of prostate cancer (PCa). To date, many studies have evaluated the relationship between CYP17 T-34C and UGT2B17 Del polymorphisms and Prostate cancer with conflicting results. Here, we performed comprehensive meta-analyses of over 25 studies, including results from about 17,000 subjects on the association of CYP17 T-34C and UGT2B17 Del polymorphisms with Prostate cancer. Overall, no significant associations between CYP17 T-34C polymorphism and Prostate cancer risk were found for T versus C (P=0.63), TT versus CC (P=0.52), TT+TC versus CC (P=0.40) or TT versus TC+CC (P=0.98), though there was a marginally significant association with the UGT2B17 Del polymorphism under Del/Del versus Ins/Ins +Ins/Del (P=0.05). In an analysis of various subgroups, there were no substantially significant associations with the CYP17 T-34C polymorphism; while there was a significant association for the UGT2B17 Del/Del genotype in a subgroup of men-based controls (P < 0.0001). The current meta-analysis results suggest that the CYP17 T-34C polymorphism may not be associated with Prostate cancer, while the UGT2B17 Del polymorphism may significantly contribute to prostate cancer susceptibility in men. These findings also support the idea that CYP17 has no significant effects on androgen levels, while UGT2B17 does.
Keywords: Prostate Cancer, UGT2B17, CYP17, Meta-analysis, polymorphism, DHT, DHEA, UGTs, Data Extraction, Statistical Analysis, Odds ratios (Ors, confidence intervals (Cis, HWE, STATA version
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