The superoxide anion radical is a highly reactive toxic species produced during the metabolic processes. A number of copper (II) complexes with amino acids and peptides are known to show superoxide dismutase (SOD) like activity. The design and application of synthetic low molecular weight metal complexes as SOD mimics have received considerable attention during the last decade. A variety of di- and tri-peptides containing histidyl residue in different positions have been employed to bind Cu(II) and to show the activity. But reports on Cu(II) complex with tetra-peptide having histidine amino acid in this regard are limited. As the HGGGW peptide having His at its N-terminal is reported to be a potential moiety for Cu2+ binding, in the present work the synthesis of HisGlyGlyTrp peptide and its complexation with copper (II) ions has been reported. The interaction of synthesized peptide with Cu(II) was studied by electron spray ionization- mass spectrometer (ESI-MS) and UV-Vis spectroscopic methods. The species distribution was studied by combined spectrophotometric and potentiometric methods. The studies were performed at 25 ± 0.1 °C with constant ionic strength (μ = 0.1 M NaNO3) in aqueous solution using Bjerrum-Calvins pH-titration technique as adopted by Irving and Rossotti for binary systems. The solution studies suggested that the pH of the medium play important role in the different species formation of the copper complexes. Species distribution curves indicate that Cu complexation takes place at all physiological pH values from 3-11. The resultant copper (II) peptide complex at physiological pH was tested for superoxide dismutase activity using standard NBT method. The complex has SOD activity with the IC50 value of 1.32 μM.
Keywords: Cu complex, Peptide, Solution study, SOD activity, Cu-HGG, HOBT, TBTU, DMF, DIEA, Potentiometric Studies, Absorption Spectroscopy (UV-Visible), ESI-MS Studies, Visible Spectroscopy, HGGW, Perkin Elmer LambdaCu complex, Peptide, Solution study, SOD activity, Cu-HGG, HOBT, TBTU, DMF, DIEA, Potentiometric Studies, Absorption Spectroscopy (UV-Visible), ESI-MS Studies, Visible Spectroscopy, HGGW, Perkin Elmer Lambda
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