A Reporter Platform for the Monitoring of In Vivo Conformational Changes in AcrB

Author(s): Wei Lu, Meng Zhong, Yinan Wei.

Journal Name: Protein & Peptide Letters

Volume 18 , Issue 9 , 2011

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Abstract:

AcrB is an inner membrane protein in Escherichia coli that is a component of a triplex AcrA-AcrB-TolC (AcrAB- TolC) multidrug efflux pump. The AcrAB-TolC complex and its homologues are highly conserved among Gramnegative bacteria and are major players in conferring multidrug resistance (MDR) in many pathogens. In this study we developed a disulfide trapping method that may reveal AcrB conformational changes under the native condition in the cell membrane. Specifically, we created seven disulfide bond pairs in the periplasmic domain of AcrB, which can be used as probes to determine local conformational changes. We have developed a rigorous protocol to measure the extent of disulfide bond formation in membrane proteins under the native condition. The rigorousness of the method was verified through examining the extent of disulfide bond formation in Cys pairs separated by different distances. The blockingreducing- labeling scheme combined with fluorescence labeling made the current method convenient, reliable, and quantitative.

Keywords: conformational changes, periplasmic domain, radioactive probes, efflux pump, fluorescent labeling, circular dichroism (CD), prokaryotic cells, fluorescence intensity, gel electrophoresis, minimum inhibitory concentrations, mutagenesis, plasmids, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), multidrug resistance (MDR), efflux pumps, quaternary structures, protein tertiary, Disulfide trappingconformational changes, periplasmic domain, radioactive probes, efflux pump, fluorescent labeling, circular dichroism (CD), prokaryotic cells, fluorescence intensity, gel electrophoresis, minimum inhibitory concentrations, mutagenesis, plasmids, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), multidrug resistance (MDR), efflux pumps, quaternary structures, protein tertiary, Disulfide trapping

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2011
Page: [863 - 871]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/092986611796011446
Price: $58

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