Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Anthony Atala  
Wake Forest University School of Medicine,
Medical Center Boulevard
Winston Salem, NC 27157
USA

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In Vitro Haematopoiesis of a Novel Dendritic-Like Cell Present in Murine Spleen

Author(s): Jonathan K.H. Tan, Helen C. O'Neill.

Abstract:

Dendritic cells (DC) are important antigen presenting cells (APC) which induce and control the adaptive immune response. In spleen alone, multiple DC subsets can be distinguished by cell surface marker phenotype. Most of these have been shown to develop from progenitors in bone marrow and to seed lymphoid and tissue sites during development. This study advances in vitro methodology for haematopoiesis of dendritic-like cells from progenitors in spleen. Since spleen progenitors undergo differentiation in vitro to produce these cells, the possibility exists that spleen represents a specific niche for differentiation of this subset. The fact that an equivalent cell subset has been shown to exist in spleen also supports that hypothesis. Studies have been directed at investigating the specific functional role of this novel subset as an APC accessible to blood-borne antigen, as well as the conditions under which haematopoiesis is initiated in spleen, and the type of progenitor involved.

Keywords: Spleen, haematopoiesis, haematopoietic stem cells, myelopoiesis, Novel Dendritic, Murine Spleen, endocytic ability facilitates, tissue-resident DC migrate, costimulatory molecules, endocytosed peripheral antigens, tolerance, immunity, potent activators, autoimmunity, plasmacytoid morphology, myeloid-like, cytokine cocktail, non-cytosolic, periarteriorlar lymphoid sheathe, cell activation, marginal zone endocytose, LINEAGE, dendritic cell, Langerhans cells, fibroblastic cells, Affymetrix genechips

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Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2010
Page: [367 - 371]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/157488810793351749
Price: $58