Development of novel erythromycin-based antibiotics has been one of the most studied topics in the past three decades. Such tremendous efforts have generated a number of beneficiary drugs such as clarithromycin, azithromycin and telithromycin. However, widespread application of antibiotics in clinical practice has triggered an increasing emergence of bacterial resistance. Therefore, discovery of novel macrolide antibiotics to suppress the resistance is urgent for human healthcare. This review focuses on advances in the area since 2004.
Keywords: Macrolide antibiotics, erythromycin, SAR, antibacterial
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