Amyloid β Oligomers Decrease Hippocampal Spontaneous Network Activity in an Age-Dependent Manner
H. Balleza-Tapia, A. Huanosta-Gutierrez, A. Marquez-Ramos, N. Arias and F. Pena
Affiliation: Calz. de los Tenorios 235, Col. Granjas Coapa, 14330, Mexico, D.F., Mexico.
Soluble amyloid β (Aβ) oligomers might trigger early cognitive deficit in Alzheimers Disease (AD) through the impairment of proper neuronal network function. We have recently shown that the short sequence Aβ25-35 affects the spontaneous activity in hippocampal slices, when was added to the bath, at high nanomolar concentrations. In the present study, we aimed to characterize the effects of the oligomerized full length sequence Aβ1-42 on the spontaneous network activity in the CA1 hippocampal area testing whether such effects are age dependent. By performing extracellular field recordings of spontaneous network activity of hippocampal slices, we found that an oligomerized solution of Aβ1-42 (osAβ) potently inhibit, in a dose-dependent manner, the spontaneous hippocampal network activity with an IC50 of 0.4 ± 3.2 nM and a maximal effect reached around 10 nM. While spontaneous hippocampal network activity is unaffected by age, the sensitivity of spontaneous hippocampal network activity to osAβ (10 nM) appears to be increased in slices from older animals. Moreover, to see a significant reduction in spontaneous network activity in slices from animals in their second week of life 100nM osAβ was needed. The osAβ-induced reduction in hippocampal network activity is accompanied by a presynaptic reduction in both spontaneous and miniature synaptic potentials. Finally, we demonstrated that the effect produced by osAβ on spontaneous network activity was specific, reversible and unrelated with cell death. In conclusion, our data show that osAβ alters hippocampal network activity at concentrations commonly observed in AD patients and that such effect of osAβ increases with age.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, amyloid β oligomers, hippocampal spontaneous activity, age
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