Current Pediatric Reviews

Giuseppe Buonocore
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena
Siena
Italy

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Pediatric Health Effects of Chronic Exposure to Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields

Author(s): Juan Antonio Ortega-Garcia, Marlene Martin, Enrique Navarro-Camba, Julia Garcia-Castell, Offie P. Soldin, Josep Ferris-Tortajada.

Abstract:

Extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation (ELF-EMR) is an omnipresent component of electricity, with a frequency of 3-30Hz, and wavelengths 3,450-5,996km long. We reviewed the scientific literature regarding pediatric health effects resulting from chronic exposure to ELF-EMR and compared these with the international safety standards. Articles published between 1980-2007 were identified using Medline, Cancerlite, Science Citation Index, and EMBASE. For the general population, the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection considers chronic exposure to magnetic fields lower than 100μT to be safe. However, even 0.3-0.4μT has been associated with an increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children. Although there is no experimental model to test the effects of ELF-EMR on organic systems, the Precautionary Principle is fundamental to the protection of children who are exposed to residential radiation doses higher than 0.3μT.

Keywords: Children, environmental risk, policies, electromagnetic fields, power lines

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Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2009
Page: [234 - 240]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/157339609791317333
Price: $58