The three main causes of Chronic Kidney Diseases [CKD] are diabetes mellitus, chronic glomerulonephritis and hypertension. CKD is an increasing burden in the community as more patients fall prey to kidney failure. Both dialysis and renal transplantation are expensive modalities of treatment for end stage renal failure [ESRF]. Through the years many clinical trials have been performed to retard the progression of CKD to ESRF. Most of the trials focus on three main strategies which aim at renal retardation, namely, control of hypertension, treatment of proteinuria and control of hypercholesterolaemia. More recently, investigators have been exploring the role of high dose ARBs as well as the use of Aliskiren , a renin inhibitor. Early therapeutic intervention is necessary as it will contribute to better chances of minimising glomerular damage and in the case of some, even lead to the improvement of renal function with regression of glomerulosclerosis.