Genetic Alterations in Differentiated Thyroid Cancers

Author(s): Behrouz Salehian, Zhong Liu, Fouad Kandeel.

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 9 , Issue 3 , 2009

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Abstract:

Differentiated thyroid cancers are the predominant malignancies of the thyroid. Due to advances in the understanding of the activation of the cell proliferation pathway at a molecular level, multiple genetic alterations have been linked to the development of thyroid carcinogenesis. Although the genetic alterations can be categorized into 7 categories, the BRAF mutation, RET/PTC, Pax8/PPARGamma, and dysfunctional Fas pathway have been most commonly described. Each of the gene alterations can ultimately result in cancer development, invasion and/or metastasis. This article provides a detailed review of the altered cell proliferation pathway activations found in thyroid carcinogenesis. The molecular targets that may be disrupted by therapeutic agents during the abnormal proliferation are also summarized.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2009
Page: [257 - 268]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/187153009789044338
Price: $58

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