High-ordered aggregates (amyloids) may disrupt cell functions, cause toxicity at certain conditions and provide a basis for self-perpetuated, protein-based infectious heritable agents (prions). Heat shock proteins acting as molecular chaperones counteract protein aggregation and influence amyloid propagation. The yeast Hsp104/Hsp70/Hsp40 chaperone complex plays a crucial role in interactions with both ordered and unordered aggregates. The main focus of this review will be on the Hsp104 chaperone, a molecular “disaggregase”.
Hsp104, yeast prion, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, chaperone, amyloid
School of Biology and Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA, USA.