Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in reproductive age women. PCOS is characterized by the absence of menstruation or irregular and abnormal menstruation, excessive amounts of body hair, excessive body weight, and infertility. Women with PCOS often have multiple ovarian cysts, high levels of androgen hormones, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. This review is focused on the dietary approaches and alternative therapies which have been proved to play major roles in the treatment of PCOS. The ideal diet for PCOS is one that promotes weight loss and then weight maintenance. In addition, some of the essential nutrients may improve associated risk factors of PCOS. Among them are chromium, omega 3 fattyacids, antioxidants, phytosterols, magnesium, calcium, potassium and other essential vitamins and minerals. The most important aspect of treatment is managing cardiovascular risks, such as obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure. Early recognition and aggressive lifestyle interventions are the cornerstones of PCOS treatment. Treating individual risk factors might help to reduce overall risk of PCOS. Some of the PCOS risk factors are modifiable. Aggressive medical nutritional therapy may be appropriate in early conditions than advanced stages.
Keywords: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), menstruation, ovarian cysts, hormones, chromium, phytosterols, magnesium, vitamins
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