Biological and Pharmacological Activities of Iridoids: Recent Developments

Author(s): Rosa Tundis, Monica R. Loizzo, Federica Menichini, Giancarlo A. Statti, Francesco Menichini.

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 8 , Issue 4 , 2008


Iridoids represent a large group of cyclopenta[c]pyran monoterpenoids that occur wide-spread in nature, mainly in dicotyledonous plant families like Apocynaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Diervillaceae, Lamiaceae, Loganiaceae and Rubiaceae. Recently, more extensive studies revealed that iridoids exhibit a wide range of bioactivity, such as neuroprotective, antinflammatory and immunomodulator, hepatoprotective and cardioprotective effects. Anticancer, antioxidant, antimicrobic, hypoglycaemic, hypolipidemic, choleretic, antispasmodic and purgative properties were also reported. The aim of the present review is to discuss the recent developments on biological and pharmacological activities of iridoids, supporting the new therapeutic possibilities for the use of these compounds.

Keywords: Iridoids, secoiridoids, neuroprotection, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, aglycones, glycosides, other biological properties

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Article Details

Year: 2008
Page: [399 - 420]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/138955708783955926
Price: $58

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