Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Anthony Atala  
Wake Forest University School of Medicine,
Medical Center Boulevard
Winston Salem, NC 27157
USA

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Umbilical Cord Blood: A Unique Source of Pluripotent Stem Cells for Regenerative Medicine

Author(s): David T. Harris, Ian Rogers.

Abstract:

It is estimated that almost 1 in 3 individuals in the United States might benefit from regenerative medicine therapy. Unfortunately, embryonic stem (ES) cell therapies are currently limited by ethical, political, biological and regulatory hurdles. Thus, for the foreseeable future, the march of regenerative medicine to the clinic will depend upon the development of non-ES cell therapies. Current sources of non-ES cells easily available in large numbers can be found in the bone marrow, adipose tissue and umbilical cord blood. Each of these types of stem cells has already begun to be utilized to treat a variety of diseases. This review will show that cord blood (CB) contains multiple populations of ES-like and other pluripotential stem cells, capable of giving rise to hematopoietic, epithelial, endothelial, and neural tissues both in vitro and in vivo. Cumulatively, the identification and isolation of these populations of pluripotent stem cells within cord blood represents a scientific breakthrough that could potentially impact every field of medicine, via their use in regenerative medicine. Thus, CB stem cells are amenable to treatment of a wide variety of diseases including cardiovascular, hepatic, ophthalmic, orthopaedic, neurological and endocrine diseases.

Keywords: Stem cells, umbilical cord blood, pluripotent, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering

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Article Details

VOLUME: 2
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2007
Page: [301 - 309]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/157488807782793790
Price: $58