The last five years have seen an explosion of research into inhibitors of Factor Xa as potential antithrombotic agents. Aventis Pharma was a participant in this effort and its two founder companies have substantially contributed to the discovery of new inhibitors over the years. This review traces the systematic development of the former Rhone-Poulenc Rorer factor Xa program from conception to the realization of potent, orally bioavailable inhibitors with exquisite selectivity against other serine proteases. The work on b-aminoesters described in Part 1 culminates in the development of FXV673 (Ki = 0.5 nM), an effective anticoagulant for acute indications. Part 2.2 details the de novo design of the pyrrolidinone series of inhibitors (RPR120844), within which a group of efficacious i.v. agents were identified (e.g. RPR130737, Ki = 2 nM). The first active and bioavailable benzamidine isostere i.e. the 1-aminoisoquinoline (RPR208815, Ki = 22 nM) was discovered on the pyrrolidinone scaffold (Part 2.3). Ultimately a variety of benzamidine mimics were explored and incorporated into the ketopiperazine series; the 6-substituted aminoquinazolines were found to be the most potent (Part 3). The azaindole, as represented by RPR200443 (Ki = 4 nM), stands out as imparting favorable pharmacokinetic properties to the sulfonamido-ketopiperazines.
Keywords: Coagulation Factor Xa, antithrombotic, aminoesters, 3-Sulfonamido Pyrrolidinones (Azarene P1), KETOPIPERAZINE INHIBITORS
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