With the exception of organ transplant immunosuppression, the treatment of various IMPDH-dependent hyperproliferative diseases by MPA has failed due to the drugs EHC-induced GIT adverse effects. To influence its therapeutic index, novel formulations such as gastro-resistant MPA-Na (ERL080) or MPA cholestyramine combinations have been developed. Structurally novel IMPDH inhibitors have been discovered based on high throughput screening (pyridazoles) and rational design (methoxyphenyloxazoles). The clinical data on methoxyphenyloxazole derivatives such as VX-497 that is not expected to undergo EHC, will bring improved understanding of the relationship between IMPDH blockade and GIT toxicity.
Keywords: Enterohepatic Recirculation, Inosine Monophosphate Dehydrogenase, non-nucleoside agent, immunosuppressant, immunological disorders, glucuronyltransferases, phenyloxazole moiety, methoxyphenyloxazole derivative
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