Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology of GABA-C Receptors

Author(s): Graham A.R. Johnston.

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 2 , Issue 8 , 2002

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GABA-C receptors belong to the nicotinicoid superfamily of ionotropic receptors that include nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, bicuculline-sensitive GABA-A receptors, strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors and 5HT3 serotonin receptors. The GABA-C receptor concept arose from medicinal chemical studies of a conformationally restricted analog of GABA. Receptors matching the predicted properties of GABA-C receptors were cloned from the retina. Post cloning studies revealed the unique physiology and pharmacology of these relatively simple homomeric receptors. Three subtypes of GABA-C receptors have been cloned from mammalian sources and pharmacological differences between the ρ1, ρ2 and ρ3 GABA-C receptors have been described. There is evidence for functional GABA-C receptors in the retina, spinal cord, superior colliculus, pituitary and the gut and their involvement in vision, aspects of memory and sleep-waking behaviour. This review concentrates on the medicinal chemistry and molecular pharmacology of GABA-C receptor subtypes emphasising possible new investigational tools with which to investigate further GABA-C receptor function. The most useful currently available ligands that show some GABA-C receptor subtype selectivity are TPMPA, P4PMA, imidazole-4-acetic acid, 2-methyl-TACA and (±)-TAMP.

Keywords: gaba-c receptor

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Article Details

Year: 2002
Page: [903 - 913]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1568026023393453
Price: $58

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