An α-helical coiled-coil structure is one of the basic structural units in proteins. Hydrophilic residues at the hydrophobic positions in the coiled-coil structure play important roles in structures and functions of natural proteins. We reported here a peptide that formed a triple stranded α-helical coiled-coil showing the pH-dependent structural change. The peptide was designed to have two His residues at the hydrophobic positions of the center of the coiled-coil structure. The peptide folded into a triple stranded coiled-coil at neutral pH, while it unfolded at acidic pH. This construct is useful to create a protein that the structure or function is controlled by pH.
Keywords: coiled-coil, de novo design, folding, helical structure, ph dependence
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