Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are a heterogeneous group of enzymes found mainly in plants and a few bacteria that possess N-glycosidase activity on ribosomes and a related polynucleotide adenosine glycosidase activity on naked nucleic acids. They encompass single enzymatic chains, heterodimeric toxic lectins and related agglutinins. Plants commonly produce several RIP isoforms encoded by multi-gene families. The toxic lectins possess adaptations related to their cytotoxic role.
Keywords: ribosome-inactivating protein, ricin, pokeweed antiviral protein, rna n-glycosidase
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