S-Ethyl 2-azidohexanethioate (N3-Hex-SEt), an unnatural amino acid analog of leucine, is coupled with L-cysteine ethyl ester (NH2-Cys-OEt) to obtain N3-Hex-Cys-OEt by native chemical ligation. Coupling of this dipeptide with N-t-butoxycarbonyl-2-diphenylphosphinoethanethioglycinate produces the tripeptide, t-Boc-Gly-Hex-Cys-OEt, in high yield. These reactions suggest an approach for the incorporation of unnatural amino acids into proteins by successive native chemical ligation and Staudinger ligation.
Keywords: phosphinothiol,, peptide coupling,, unnatural amino acid incorporation,, Staudinger ligation,
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