Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Joseph Varon  
The University of Texas Health Science Center
Houston, TX


Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) due to Atypical Pathogens

Author(s): Argyris Michalopoulos, Michael Rizos, Matthew E. Falagas.


Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a relatively common and potentially serious infection that affects both immunocompetent and immunosuppressive adults throughout the world. The annual incidence of CAP in the United States is approximately 4 million cases. CAP due to atypical pathogens accounts for approximately 20 to 40 percent of cases necessitating hospitalization. There are few data regards to the prevalence rates of severe CAP due to atypical pathogens necessitating admission to the intensive care unit. This review article summarizes clinical features, diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis, and management based on guidelines of medical societies.

Keywords: Community-acquired pneumonia, atypical pathogens, legionella, mycoplasma, chlamydia, intensive care unit

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Article Details

Year: 2005
Page: [265 - 271]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/157339805774598009
Price: $58