Fragment Based Drug Discovery Using Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy Techniques: Challenges and Solutions

Author(s): T. Hesterkamp, J. Barker, A. Davenport, M. Whittaker.

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 7 , Issue 16 , 2007

Abstract:

Novel starting points for medicinal chemistry programmes can be effectively identified by screening libraries of fragment molecules in biochemical assays at high concentration. The key to success with this approach is the combination of a high quality fragment library with sensitive biochemical screening methods. There are an increasing number of literature reports where weakly active fragment molecules have been identified by high concentration biochemical assays. We have successfully demonstrated the use of high concentration screening of fragments, using a portfolio of single-molecule Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (FCS+plus) detection techniques to ensure the highest reproducibility and sensitivity, and have determined the binding mode of active fragments to target proteins by X-ray crystallography. Further biophysical detection methods are reviewed for their applicability to studies of fragment binding.

Keywords: Fragments, screening, X-ray crystallography, biochemical assay, high-concentration, single-molecule spectroscopy, haematopoietic prostaglandin D2 synthase

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 16
Year: 2007
Page: [1582 - 1591]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/156802607782341064
Price: $58

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