The synthesis of a series of 6-aryl-4-oxohexanoic acids is described: This involves condensation of an appropriate aldehyde (Ia-f) and levulenic acid using catalytic amounts of piperidine and acetic acid in toluene to afford the 6- aryl-4-oxohex-5-enoic acids (IIa-f).The arylidene derivatives (IIa-d) were reduced by hydrogen at room temperature using palladium (10 %/carbon) as catalyst to produce 6-aryl-4-oxohexanoic acids (IIIa-d) as target compounds. In certain instances, the lactone derivative (IVd) was obtained as a low-melting by-product. These compounds were tested in two models used for evaluating the activity of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The first test is the effect of the synthesized compounds on arachidonic acid metabolism in vitro using human whole blood assay. The second is the in vivo carrageenan induced rat paw edema test. Compound IIe showed higher in vivo-activity compared to fenbufen at the same dose level (50mg/kg).
Keywords: 6-Aryl-4-oxohexanoic acids, Inflammation, NSAIDs, rat paw edema test, 5-lipoxgenase, arachidonic acid metabolism
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