Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Joseph Varon  
The University of Texas Health Science Center
Houston, TX
USA

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Respiratory Failure in Cancer Patients: Non-Infectious Complications of Antineoplastic Agents for Solid Tumors

Author(s): Bobbak Vahid, Paul E. Marik.

Abstract:

Chemotherapy-induced respiratory failure is being increasingly recognized as a cause of respiratory failure in the intensive care unit. The frequency of chemotherapy-induced respiratory failure is low, however with increasing number of patients receiving new chemotherapeutic agents more cases can be expected to be seen. Chemotherapy-induced respiratory failure can be due to bronchospasm and hypersensitivity reactions, pulmonary hemorrhage, interstitial pneumonitis, eosinophilic pneumonia, and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Pulmonary and critical care physicians should be aware of the clinical presentation of chemotherapy-induced respiratory failure.

Keywords: Pulmonary toxicity, pneumonitis, respiratory failure, chemotherapy

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Article Details

VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2007
Page: [229 - 232]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/157339807781387544
Price: $58