Symmetrical peptide GYDTQAIVENNESTEYG (WT, Wild Type) identical to 35-51 aminoacid residues of human alpha-lactalbumin (HLA) and peptide GYDTQTVVNNNGHTDYG (ID, IDeal symmetry) homologous to betadomain of mammalian alpha-lactalbumins can form amyloid-like fibrils in conditions required for fibrillogenesis of HLA. The latter peptide can also form fibrils in deionized water. Fibrils formed by these peptides can cause forming of HLA amyloid-like aggregates in physiological conditions. These results provide an evidence for presence of amyloidogenic determinant in beta-domain of alpha-lactalbumin. Thus, symmetry in the primary structure may play the role in fibrillogenesis of proteins.
Keywords: alpha-lactalbumin, fibrillogenesis, gydtqaivennesteyg, gydtqtvvnnnghtdyg, symmetry, atomic force microscopy
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