Electrostatic and electrochemical properties of bio-molecules, such as proteins, are governed by energy parameters that are, in part dependent on its folding. Disruption of this process can lead to the development of complex, multisystem diseases whose presentation may be organ-dependent. Examples include cystic fibrosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, and Alzheimer disease. In addition to explaining exotic pathologic syndromes, an understanding of protein folding mechanisms may facilitate the understanding of less complex diseases and allow the development of novel therapeutic approaches.
Keywords: Protein folding, protein mis-folding, proteomics, drug targeting, endoplasmic reticulum, disease etiology
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