Racemic seco-iso-CFI (cyclopropylfurano[e]indoline) analogs of the duocarmycins and CC-1065 have recently been reported by our group. These compounds covalently react with AT-rich sequences of DNA, and they exhibit potent cytotoxicity against cancer cells but are less toxic to normal bone marrow cells. This article details the synthesis of enantiomerically pure (S)-(-)- and R-(+)-seco-iso-CFI (cyclopropylfurano[e]indoline)-5,6,7-trimethoxyindole-2- carboxamide analogs, (S)-(-)-1 and (R)-(+)-1, respectively. The covalent DNA binding properties and cytotoxicity of both enantiomers against L1210 murine leukemia and B16 murine melanoma cells grown in culture are reported and compared to racemate (±)-1. The natural (S)-(-)-enantiomer of 1 is more reactive with DNA and more cytotoxic than its unnatural mirror image and the racemic mixture.
Keywords: sequence specificity, cytotoxicity, DNA alkylation, CC1065, Duocarmycins
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