Current Cancer Drug Targets

Ruiwen Zhang 
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
1300 Coulter Drive
Amarillo, TX 79106
USA

Back

Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid Inhibits the Nicotine-Imposed Stimulatory Challenge in Xenograft Models of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma

Author(s): H. A.N. Al-Wadei, M. H. Al-Wadei, M. F. Ullah, H. M. Schuller.

Abstract:

Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is the leading type of lung cancer; smoking is a documented risk factor. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)-mediated intracellular signaling in response to nicotine has recently been implicated in the growth regulation of NSCLC. In the current study nude mice carrying xenografts of the human lung NSCLC cell lines NCI-H322 or NCI-H441 were used as animal models. Nicotine administration and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) treatment lasted for 30 days. Catecholamines, cortisol, GABA, and cAMP were analyzed in blood and tumor tissues by immunoassays. Expression of nicotinic receptors and effector proteins in the xenografts was assessed by Western blotting. Our data indicate that nicotine stimulated the growth of NSCLC xenografts via modulation of nAChR upregulation and activation of cAMP signaling. The nicotine-treated group showed an enhanced level of stress neurotransmitters and second messenger cAMP in serum, blood cellular fraction, and xenograft tissues. Activation of critical proteins in the oncogenic pathway, including CREB, ERK, Akt, and Src, and upregulation of α-4 and α-7 subunits of nAChR provided mechanistic insight for the observed stimulatory effect of nicotine. Interestingly, GABA, being an antagonist to cAMP signaling, showed a promising intervention by reversing the stimulatory effect of nicotine on cancer growth and all signaling pathways. GABA has potential to lower the risk of NSCLC among smokers and could be used to enhance the clinical outcome of standard cancer intervention strategies.

Keywords: GABA, intervention study, NSCLC, nAChR drug target, nicotine, smoking, xenografts, adenocarcinoma, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, glutamic acid decarboxylase, bicinchoninic acid

Order Reprints Order Eprints Rights & PermissionsPrintExport

Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2012
Page: [97 - 106]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/156800912799095171
Price: $58