Differences in Medication Adherence, Satisfaction and Clinical Symptoms in Schizophrenic outpatients Taking Different Antipsychotic Regimens

Author(s): Waleed M. Sweileh, Manal S. Ihbesheh, Ikhlas S. Jarar, Ansam F. Sawalha, Adham S. Abu Taha, Sa'ed H. Zyoud, Donald E. Morisky.

Journal Name: Current Drug Safety

Volume 6 , Issue 5 , 2011

Abstract:

Objective: To investigate differences in medication adherence, treatment satisfaction and clinical symptoms in schizophrenic outpatients taking different antipsychotic treatment regimens.

Methodology: Medication adherence was measured using the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) while treatment satisfaction was measured using the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM 1.4). Psychiatric symptoms were measured using the 24-item expanded Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-E). Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS 16 for windows.

Results: A convenience sample of 131 schizophrenic patients was studied. Patients belonged to 7 groups based on their antipsychotic treatment regimens. There was no significant difference in the means of adherence (P=0.6) and BPRS domains: positive (P=0.6), negative (P=0.8), manic (P=0.2) and depression (P=0.9) scores among the studied groups. Satisfaction with side effect domain was significantly different among studied groups (P=0.006, F=3). However, no significant difference was found in other satisfaction domains: effectiveness (P=0.8), convenience (P=0.3), and global satisfaction (P=0.8).

Conclusions: Medications adherence, most treatment satisfaction domains and clinical symptom scores were not significantly different among patients taking different antipsychotic regimens.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, medication adherence, treatment satisfaction, antipsychotic regimens, Morisky Medication Adherence Scale, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication, SPSS

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2011
Page: [285 - 290]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/157488611798918755
Price: $58

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