Current Cancer Therapy Reviews

Kurt S. Zaenker
Institute of Immunology and Experimental Oncology University Witten/Herdecke
Stockumerstraße 10, 58448 Witten
Germany

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The Optimal Diagnosis of Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder

Author(s): Alan M. Nieder, Jeetu Nebhnani, Fernando J. Bianco.

Abstract:

Urothelial cancer (UC) of the bladder is a relatively common disease seen in Americans, especially those who have significant tobacco exposure history. While the signs and symptoms of UC can be straight-forward (e.g., hematuria, irritative voiding symptoms), a complete work-up is required to appropriately stage each patient. The work-up of UC consists of: a high level of suspicion for patients with hematuria to prevent missed or delayed diagnoses; an exam under anesthesia; imaging studies; urinary markers and cytology; cystoscopy and transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT), as well as potential repeat TURBT to prevent understaging and residual disease.

Keywords: Urothelial cancer, bladder cancer, TURBT, diagnosis

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2011
Page: [267 - 271]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/157339411797642641
Price: $58