Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Michelle Prudhomme  
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex


Therapeutic Potential of Targeting Glypican-3 in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Author(s): Mark Allegretta and Jorge Filmus

Affiliation: 655 Spear St., Building C,Burlington, VT 05405.


Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a developmentally-regulated oncofetal protein that has been established as a clinically-relevant biomarker for early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It is one of the first transcripts to appear during malignant hepatocyte transformation, and is expressed at the protein level in approximately half of high-grade dysplastic macronodules in cirrhotic liver. Several studies show it is expressed in most (75 to 100%) of HCCs confirmed by histopathology. The protein is anchored to the hepatocyte membrane by a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor and shows consistent membrane immunostaining pattern, making it a viable target for immunotherapeutic approaches. Targeting GPC3 for therapeutic intervention is a promising approach for the clinical management of HCC and selected other tumors that express the marker.

Keywords: Glypican-3, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, therapeutic antibody, peptide vaccine, immunohistochemistry, oncofetal protein, Wnt signaling, Carcinoma, monoclonal antibody (mAb), IMMUNOTHERAPEUTIC GPC3 VACCINE, ADCC, GC33, collagen and fibronectin, sGPC3

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Article Details

Page: [543 - 548]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/187152011796011109
Price: $58