Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Michelle Prudhomme  
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex
France

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Modulation of Histone Acetylation by Garlic Sulfur Compounds

Author(s): Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Paule Latino-Martel.

Abstract:

Preclinical studies have shown that fresh garlic extracts, aged garlic, garlic oil and specific organosulfur compounds generated by processing garlic could alter carcinogen metabolism, inhibit tumor cell growth through induction of cell cycle arrest or apoptosis, or angiogenesis. In particular, recent studies have suggested that anticarcinogenic effects of certain garlic compounds may implicate at least in part a modulation of histone acetylation, a process involved in the regulation of gene expression, resulting from the inhibition of histone deacetylase activity. The aim of this review is to describe the available data on sulfur compounds from garlic and histone acetylation and to discuss their potential for cancer prevention. Available data indicate that garlic compounds could inhibit histone deacetylase activity and induce histone hyperacetylation both in vitro as well as in vivo. Sparse studies provide evidence of involvement of histone acetylation in modulation of gene expression by diallyl disulfide and allyl mercaptan. These effects were observed at high concentrations. Further investigations are needed to determine if the HDAC inhibitory effects of garlic organosulfur compounds play a role in primary cancer prevention at doses achievable by human diet.

Keywords: Garlic, sulfur compounds, diallyl disulfide, allyl mercaptan, histone acetylation, histone deacetylase activity, gene expression, cancer prevention, Tumoral Tissues, hyperacetylation, HDAC activity, CDKN1A gene, 3T3-L1 cells, HDACIs, [3H]thymidine

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 3
Page: [254 - 259]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/187152011795347540
Price: $58