Monoamine transporters are the main targets of methamphetamine (METH). Recently, we showed that fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), decreased METH conditioned place preference (CPP), suggesting that serotonin transporter (SERT) inhibition reduces the rewarding effects of METH. To further test this hypothesis, in the present study we investigated the effects of additional SSRIs, paroxetine and fluvoxamine, on METH CPP in C57BL/6J mice. In the CPP test, pretreatment with 20 mg/kg paroxetine abolished the CPP for METH, whereas pretreatment with 100 mg/kg fluvoxamine prior to administration of METH failed to inhibit METH CPP. These results suggest that paroxetine, a medication widely used to treat depression, may be a useful tool for treating METH dependence. Further, these data suggest that molecules other than the SERT [such as G protein-activated inwardly rectifying K+ (GIRK) channels] whose activities are modulated by paroxetine and fluoxetine, but not by fluvoxamine, are involved in reducing METH CPP by paroxetine and fluoxetine.
Keywords: Conditioned place preference, Fluvoxamine, Methamphetamine, Mice, Paroxetine, Serotonin transporter, dopamine transporter, Knoutout mice, Biochemical Down Regulation
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